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Professionally Speaking is published quarterly by the Ontario College of Teachers to inform its members about the activities and decisions of the College. The magazine provides a forum for discussion of issues relevant to the future of teaching and learning, teachers' professional learning and standards of practice.

The views expressed in articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the College.

Reproduction, in whole or in part, of articles from this issue of Professionally Speaking is encouraged. Please credit the Ontario College of Teachers and Professionally Speaking, December 2006.

Letters to the editor and submissions on topics of interest to the profession are welcome. Unsolicited manuscripts cannot be returned.

ISSN 1206-8799

Editorial Board

Marilyn A. Laframboise (Chair) Gabrielle Blais, Andrew Kane, Iain Munro, Jacques Tremblay


Richard Lewko


Philip Carter

Managing Editor

Joyce Mason

Associate Editor

Véronique Ponce

Photo Editor & Production Manager

Leata Lekushoff

Reviews Editors

Rosemary Kennedy (English), Lyse Ward (French)


Julie Fournel, Caroline Fredericks, Véronique Ponce, Véronique Poulin, Marie-Josée Roy


Sally Armstrong, Gabrielle Barkany, Bonnie Beldan Thomson, Lois Browne, Tessa J. Buchan, Adam Buckley, Nadine Carpenter, Don Cattani, Ian Crysler, Lisa Cupoli, Gino Donato, Holly Dougall, Patrick Doyle, Margaret Grift, Olivia Hamilton, Kara Hamilton, Susan Harrison, Jonathan Hayward, Brian Jamieson, Dan Janisse, Leata Lekushoff, Brian McGowan, Frank McIntyre, Leanne Miller, Andrea Murik, Shelley Pomerance, Chris Sach-Anderson, Lynda Scarrow, Beatrice Schriever, Lana Slezic, Ian Stuart, Laurel Van Dommelen, Chris Vert, Jon Waller

Circulation Manager

Kara Hamilton

Art Direction, Design & Production

RadonicRodgers design+marketing

Cover Photography

Sally Armstrong


Professionally Speaking
Ontario College of Teachers
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Toronto, ON M4W 3M5
fax 416-961-8822
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The College is the self-regulating professional body for Ontario teachers. Membership is open to anyone qualified to teach in the province and required to maintain an Ontario teaching certificate.

The College is responsible to the public and the profession for ensuring teachers receive the training they need to provide Ontario's students with an excellent education now and in the future. It sets standards of practice and learning for teachers and accredits teacher education programs and providers.

The College regulates teaching qualifications, investigates complaints involving members and takes appropriate disciplinary action.

College Council


Don Cattani


Annilee Jarvis


Danny Anckle, Gabrielle Blais, Paul Brazeau, Brian Doubleday, Dean Favero, Laura Featherstone, Rosemary Fontaine, Nick Forte, Helen Fox, Brent Hamelin, Gordon Hough, Garry Humphreys, Peter Joong, Andrew Kane, Sharon Young Kipp, Michael Lesperance, Anne Marie Levesque, Lynne Mastin, Bill Matheson, Heather Nagy, Jacques Pavesi, Ruth Ann Penny, Tanya Roberts, Amin Saab, Pauline Smart, Tianna Travaglini-Babic, Jacques Tremblay, John Tucker, Henry Tyndorf, Donald W.A. Watson, Hanno Weinberger, John Wells


Brian P. McGowan

Acting Deputy Registrar

Lise Roy-Kolbusz

Department Co-ordinators

Margaret Aubé, Professional Affairs Co-ordinator
Richard Lewko, Executive Co-ordinator
Lise Roy-Kolbusz, French-language Services Co-ordinator
Michael Salvatori, Membership Services Co-ordinator
Linda Zaks-Walker, Investigations and Hearings Co-ordinator

Do you know someone – a parent, student or friend – interested in the world of teaching? They can subscribe to Professionally Speaking for insightful articles and current reports on the teaching profession in Ontario.

Four issues only $10/year in Canada (outside Canada $20/year).

To subscribe, provide payment (by cheque or credit card) and the following information:

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by fax at 416-961-8822 or by mail to:

Ontario College of Teachers,
121 Bloor St. E.
Toronto, ON M4W 3M5

For members of the College, this cost of subscription is covered by your annual membership fee. For subscription information contact subscriptions@oct.ca, tel. 416-961-8800 (toll-free in Ontario 1-888-534-2222), ext. 656.